Esquirol, Jean-Étienne-Dominique

(1772-1840)
   physician
   A noted physician who dealt with mental illnesses, Jean-Étienne-Dominique Esquirol was born in Toulouse. He was a student of philippe pinel and was doctor of medicine at La Salpêtrière, and chief inspector for the university of Paris. He is considered one of the founders of modern psychiatry. He was also responsible for setting up the present system of French psychiatric institutions and hospitals, and he fought, as did Pinel, for humane treatment of the mentally ill. Esquirol wrote an important work on the classification of deliria and dementia (Des Maladies mentales considerées sous le rapport médical, hygiénique, et médico-légal, 1838), in which he made the first delineation between mental deficiency and insanity.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Esquirol, Jean-Étienne-Dominique — ▪ French psychiatrist born Feb. 3, 1772, Toulouse, France died Dec. 12, 1840, Paris       early French psychiatrist who was the first to combine precise clinical descriptions with the statistical analysis of mental illnesses.       A student of… …   Universalium

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  • Jean-Étienne Dominique Esquirol — (1772 1840) was a French psychiatrist.He was born in Toulouse, Occitania, France. He studied there and completed his education at Montpellier. He came to Paris in 1799 where he worked at the Salpêtrière Hospital and became a favorite student of… …   Wikipedia

  • Jean Étienne Dominique Esquirol — (Toulouse, 1772 París, 1840) fue un psiquiatra francés. Biografía Estatua de Esquirol en el Hospital Esquirol, Saint Maurice. Esquirol estudió en Toulouse y completó su educación en Montpellier. Marchó a …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jean-Etienne Esquirol — Jean Étienne Esquirol Jean Étienne Dominique Esquirol (Toulouse 4 janvier 1772[1] Paris 12 décembre 1840) est un psychiatre français, considéré comme le père de l hôpital psychiatrique français : il fit en effet voter la… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • ESQUIROL (J. É. D.) — ESQUIROL JEAN ÉTIENNE DOMINIQUE (1772 1840) Psychiatre français originaire de Toulouse, où il fit ses études de théologie et de médecine, comme son maître Pinel, dont il devint l’élève, puis l’assistant à la Salpêtrière à Paris, avant de lui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Esquirol — Esquirol, Jean Etienne Dominique, geb. 1772 zu Toulouse, der vorzüglichste unter den neueren Irrenärzten, seit 1823 Generalinspector der Universität von Paris u. Director der Privatirrenanstalt zu Charenton, verlor 1830 seine Staatsämter, st.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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